We know it's often hard to figure out what size
of satellite dish you will need but here at fortunasat we will give you our honest advice
and best value for your Money.
Updated Monday, 10th March, 2014
10HBO GO STREAMING CRASH
HBO Go, the US-based cable and streaming channel, suffered a major crash on Sunday, when demand for the final episode of True Detective overwhelmed the capacity of HBO's server.
The online channel was forced to apologise this morning. HBO restricts availability to its US-based subscribers. It can be accessed in the rest of the world buy using a VPN with a server in the United States.
This isn't the first time that online broadcasts have crashed. ITV, BT Sport and Sky have all failed to keep up with demand for popular online programmes at peak times.
10195,707 SIGN TO SAVE BBC THREE
A Petition to save BBC Three, organised by Change.org, has almost reached 200,000 signatures, just a week after it was created.
The online petition aims to persuade the BBC trust to reject BBC management's plans to make BBC Three online-only.
9MORE SUCCESS STORIES
From Northern Landes, France.
"An English technician has just repointed our 80cm dish and obtained an 98/99 signal strength on all lost channels. BBC back in Northern Landes, France. (we have high pressure and cloudless sky today). He said the local french installer had done a poor job originally and as a result when satellite strength dropped the dish could not cope. This information may be useful for people who just need a more careful installer"
From La Spezia, Italy.
"Signal and reception of BBC 1 etc including ITV Channels 4 & 5 returned Saturday 8 March by installing; · Gibertini OP150 offset dish , · Ddigital LNB 0.1dB, BBC back in La Spezia Italy.Humax Foxsat HDR, freesat box, Location 10 km south east of La Spezia Italy. The technician told me the signal strength is 70 dB The Humax Information bar shows Strength 85% - Quality 65% Clear blue sky Before the satellite change my dish was a Gibertini 125 Offset with an Invacom universal LNB 0.3dB I hope this will help others Thank you for your very helpful information on your website."
8BBC BOSSES REFUSE TO RULE OUT CLOSURE OF ANOTHER TV CHANNEL
In statements released to the press, the BBC left the door open to further closures after the next licence fee settlement in 2016.
Whilst they were not specific, it's known that BBC Four is the most likely candidate for the axe. The channel is known for quality programming but small audiences.
The threat to BBC Four may be an early negotiating ploy ahead of the next licence fee battle in two years' time. In 2010, the licence fee was frozen at £145.50, but the BBC had to commit to fund the World Service, some of S4C and pay £150m to support broadband rollout in Britain.
8BBC1+1 TO REPLACE BBC THREE
After the planned BBC Three closure in autumn 2015, its slots on Satellite and Freeview will be filled by a BBC1+1 channel. (broadcast with a one hour time delay) and an extension to CBBC's hours to 8pm.
BBC One will show BBC Three original programming after 11pm, offering a chance for new ideas to gain exposure on a major channel. It may come as a surprise that despite an £85m budget, BBC Three only produces one hour of original programming a night, to be cut to 30 minutes after 2015. The rest of its schedule is imported.
The BBC has persuaded BARB, the body which measures numbers of viewers, to include iPlayer ratings for the first time, which will help bolster the BBC's audience share.
BBC Three's programmes will receive additional airtime on BBC One and Two after the change, enabling viewers unwilling or unable to watch iPlayer to view.
These changes, and the closure of BBC Three as a linear channel, require the approval of the BBC Trust, likely to take a number of months.
6BBC THREE AXE CONFIRMED
We reported yesterday on the The Daily Mail's claim that BBC Three was due to be axed.
BBC Three broadcasts to be online only Clearly, the Mail had some inside information, as the BBC's Director-General, Tony Hall, revealed to Martha Carney on BBC Radio Four's World At One this lunchtime that the axe is indeed to fall on the youth-oriented channel BBC Three.
The channel will not close completely. In the future, it will be online only, with its budget cut by more than half to £30m.
The BBC will has taken this step following a number of studies showing that young viewers watch very little TV on traditional sets in the living room, preferring mostly to view on laptops and tablets, part of an increasing trend to watch online among all ages.
The BBC announced the plan on its own website this afternoon.
4IPTV SERVER DISCOVERED IN UKRAINE
An unconfirmed report suggests that one IPTV server for Spain is located in Odessa, Ukraine, just 200km across the Black Sea from now-occupied Crimea.
Odessa, UkraineA user has carried out a "trace route" which shows the IPTV streams are being sent from a server in Odessa. Head end equipment to feed pirated TV to IPTV boxes across the world is openly available in Russia.
A trace route uses the IP address system to identify the servers used and the hops between them. The reported end-quality suggests that BBC, ITV, C4 and C5 channels are re-encoded in Odessa, then sent to subscribers in Spain.
3FAULTY WEATHER WARNING
Weather presenter Carol Kirkwood had to talk herself out of an embarrassing situation on BBC Breakfast when the prediction for last Wednesday was 99ºC in six unnamed British towns.
Digital weather forecasting is no longer prone to magnetic letters falling off, but still depends on presenters being able to spell and enter data without mistakes. Carol Kirkwood predicts boiling point in six unnamed towns thuderstorms ahead
3CHANNEL FIVE BIDS FROM US NETWORKS
Channel Five, which was put up for sale by its current owner Richard Desmond, has attracted bids from US cable networks Viacom and Discovery Communications, owners of the Discovery Channel. Viacom is looking to expand its UK operations. It already runs MTV, Comedy Central and Nickelodeon.
Discovery is thought to be front runner, but it is unlikely to pay the reported £700 million that Desmond has been asking.
ITV was once thought to be interested in buying C5 but has recently ruled itself out.
Channel Five has recently been gaining viewers, some weeks rising above Channel Four, which has seen a fall in audiences.
2SKY SPORTS CHANNEL MOVED TO UK-ONLY BEAM
Sky Sports 1 HD Ireland has opened on Astra 2E's UK beam, confounding all expectations that Sky would retain all its channels on the Europe beams. Sky Sports 1 HD IrelandIt is the only channel on a transponder formerly used by Disney.
It looks as though it may be joined by other Sky HD channels, as it's unusual for an HD transponder to have a single service, most have between two and six.
Viewers with Sky Ireland viewing cards, in areas which have lost the BBC, will be unable to receive this HD channel.
2SUN OUTAGE TODAY
Satellite viewers in many parts of Europe will lose some UK channels at around 11 am CET today, for up to 14 minutes.
Twice a year at the equinox, the satellites pass close to the sun, which temporarily overwhelms transmissions. (If they are being received weakly on the ground).
Strong channels aren’t affected. Viewers in the British Isles see a slight reduction in signal but no practical effects.
Sun outage lasts until 10th. March in southern Europe and 4th. March in northern Europe. It returns in the autumn and is an annual event.
If you are suffering sun outage and it is sunny, you can check for anything obscuring your dish’s view of the satellites. Any shadows on the face of your dish at this time indicate it is being obscured. This can have a drastic effect on signal.
It's also useful to determine a good location for a new dish. Any potential site in full sun at 11am Central Europe Time will have an unobstructed view of the UK satellites at 28.2º east.
1ASTRA 2G TO BE LAUNCHED IN MAY
The last of the three replacement satellites for the UK will be launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan this May.
Astra 2G is identical to Astra 2E, seen here in launch preparation Astra 2G's beams will be almost identical to those of Astra 2E and 2F, which are now in service. The 2G addition is likely to be the last major shakeup of services at 28.2º, and will mark the closure of the elderly Astra 2A, which can be received in Cyprus and the Middle East. Its channels will move to the newer satellites.
Though it's unlikely that Sky will move any of its pay package to the UK beam, some brands such as Disney are known to be sensitive about overspill to mainland Europe.
The extra capacity 2G will bring may finally allow the BBC to introduce HD to all its BBC One regional variants.
No BBC channels will be broadcast on the Europe beams.
2830 DAY BBC iPLAYER
Catching up with previously-broadcast programmes on BBC iPlayer will become easier when the current 7-day time limit is increased to 30 days. The BBC Trust has also approved proposals for the new BBC Store. International users will be able to purchase BBC DVDs and to download programmes to keep permanently. The new store, to be run by BBC Worldwide, will be the replacement for the Global iPlayer. No dates for these changes have been announced.
28SUCCESS STORY FROM THE BANKS OF THE ELBE, WEST OF HAMBURG
"Many thanks for your reply by return mail and the sound advice.
Our local firm suggested a step-up to 110cm for a good rain margin. The Triax dish and a new LNB were installed yesterday.
All the lost channels have been back on a strong signal of 75 to 80% and a picture quality of around 90%, even with light to medium rainfall last night and this morning. We are living some 40 km southeast of Cuxhaven, a few miles away from the river Elbe on the southern bank of the river.
Best wishes, Jürgen"
This report is from the area of Germany close to the dead zone. Jürgen perviously had an 80cm dish. It's no compensation to those living directly under it, but it appears the "null" area is quite narrow.
28BBC LICENCE FEE MAY BE EXTENDED TO ON-DEMAND iPLAYER
The Director-General of the BBC, Tony Hall, outlined his vision for the future of the BBC in a speech at the Oxford Media Convention.
One part of this was a vigorous defence of the universal licence fee system, currently £145.50 annually for every household in Britain watching live TV. BBC research apparently showed that many would be prepared to pay more to support an advertising-free BBC.
This is another way of saying that The Corporation wants an increase from the current £12 a month, to perhaps £15 or £20.
The research also showed that the fee is supported by 53% of the population, way ahead of support for subscription or advertising methods of funding. 90% of all viewing is of live TV, which unlike on-demand, currently needs a TV licence.
The BBC wants to end this distinction and make the licence fee also payable for on-demand, non-live content.
The Director-General revealed that up to £100 million of further efficiency saving will be made, on top of the £700 million annual target already announced, but that more money will be spent on drama and improvements to iPlayer.
He admitted that the BBC had "made mistakes" but claimed that it is still "great value for money".
As part of the savings, red button streams on satellite have been reduced, including the closure of the red button HD channel.
Sorry to anyone who tried to access the website this morning. There was a major fault in a fibre optic cable between London and our server in Cheltenham. We're taking steps to prevent this happening again.
26ITV TO LAUNCH NEW CHANNEL
ITV's chief executive, Adam Crozier, has announced that a new pay TV channel, Encore, will be launching this summer. Showing original, newly-commissioned drama series such as Vera and Lucan, Encore is a joint venture with Sky. It will only be available to paying subscribers on Sky, NOW TV, Sky Go and Sky Store. Live streaming will be available on NOW TV and Sky GO.
It will show episodes from Downton Abbey and Broadchurch.
ITV is making a deliberate move away from heavy reliance on advertising towards a subscription-funded, Sky-dependent model.
In recent years, ITV has suffered badly from downturns in advertising. Encore is part of the plan to counter this. Additionally, there is a new deal to keep high definition versions of ITV 2, ITV 3 and ITV 4 in Sky's premium HD pack.
This means these three channels will not appear on Freesat for a number of years, if ever.
There were rumours that ITV 3 would close, but now it is intended to be a "gold" style drama re-run channel.
Premium Encore programmes will be available for rental on the Sky Store.
ITV Encore is likely to be on the Europe beam, in common with ITV's other encrypted HD channels, meaning easy reception all over Europe for those willing to pay.
25ITV ONE RECOVERY: TRY A RE-TUNE
Map of all ITV Regions If you've lost ITV in the recent channel switch, there's an outside chance you may be able to get it back with a re-tune.
Recently we wrote about being able to tune an alternate Channel Four. These ITV One alternate frequencies are much less sure of success, but it's worth a try.
If your ITV One region is London, Granada, Anglia West, Central West, Wales, West, Westcountry South, Border Scotland, Tyne Tees, Meridian South and SE, Central West, Anglia South, Channel, Scottish or Ulster, follow this re-tune:
Go to "Services" then "System Setup" or the "Tools" icon. Choose "Add channels". In the next box enter "10994", then "H", then "22000", then "5/6" in "FEC". Press "Find Channels". In the list that appears, select the channels you want, then press "Save"
You can view them in "Services" then "Other Channels".
Repeat this, only with "11053", then "H", then "22000", then "5/6" in "FEC".
You may be able to see sub-regions of Meridian, Anglia, Yorkshire, Central, Wales, Tyne Tees, Westcountry SW and Ulster on the slightly stronger Astra 2F beam. If you have an HD receiver you may also see Granada ITV One HD. All channels are free-to-air.
Owners of Freesat receivers can try entering an alternate postcode in one of the favoured ITV areas in the Initial Setup procedure, or tuning these frequencies manually in "Setup" then "Manual Tuning". Be warned, however, that this switches the box to "Non-Freesat" mode, though it doesn't delete your normal channels. Go back to Freesat in "Menu" > "Settings" > "STB Mode" > "Freesat."
24BBC GIVES UP ON GLOBAL iPLAYER
Global iPlayer, the international version of its iPlayer, has failed to live up to the BBC's expectations and is to close.
BBC Worldwide, the division charged with selling BBC content internationally, plans to phase out the service. Instead, content for international download will be integrated into an improved BBC.com website.
BBC Global iPlayer logo Promotion of the player has been low-key to the point of invisibility. Visitors to the domestic iPlayer from outside of the UK are not told there is a global version. Instead, they are merely advised that iplayer is not available in their country. The current version, available in 16 countries, is a trial that has never been fully launched.
Alix Pryde, who was the public face of the BBC team which decided to restrict the footprint of BBC services in mainland Europe from 2014, thought that Global iPlayer would be a substitute for the lost BBC services.
In order to view Global iPlayer, an app must first be downloaded from the iTunes store. This can't be from the UK version, it has to be from an iTunes store in one of the countries in the trial. In Europe, these are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg , Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
The iTunes stores in these countries need a registered payment card from a bank in the country of residence to download the app and pay the subscription. This rules out many of those in places such as Spain and Portugal who are on holiday, overwintering, don't have the right bank account, don't have an Apple ID, and don't have compatible devices.
Not available in UK iTunes Store
Global iPlayer offers no live TV, no catch-up of popular shows, no sport and no radio. The 2000 hours on offer each week are mostly archive material, such as Doctor Who, Michael Palin's Himalaya and Only Fools and Horses, plus a mix of current comedy and factual programming.
The BBC plans to expand the BBC Shop and rebrand some of its international operations. BBC Earth (Factual) and BBC First (original, first-run drama) will be major brands.
The current Global iPlayer closely resembles the BBC Entertainment channel, which is available for £138 annually on subscription throughout Europe on Eurobird 9 at 9º east.
A data sheet is available, as well as an application form.
BBC Entertainment is the successor the the widely-derided BBC Prime channel, which closed in 2009.
22INTELSAT 907 SCAM CHECKLIST
How can you tell if an offering to replace your lost BBC and ITV is genuine and not a scam?(See our 13 Feb story, below).
Follow this checklist:
Avoid thisYou are offered a Technomate TM5402 HD receiver
Avoid thisYour dish will be "re-aligned"
Avoid thisThe dish will be 80-90 cm
Avoid thisYou won't be able to receive Sky channels and the Sky guide
Avoid thisThe dish will be pointing in the opposite direction to a normal Sky dish
If your dealer or installer offers you all of the above in an area which has lost the BBC, then it's an installation to receive the private Arqiva feed from Intelsat 907 at 27.5º west.
Arquiva are aware that their feed is being pirated but have yet to take action or make any public comment. At the very least, the codes will be changed soon, resulting in a complete loss of all channels until new hacked keys are posted on the internet.
At worst, the encryption system will be changed, rendering all current equipment useless.
21DO YOU LIVE IN A DEAD ZONE?
Some areas of Europe are in "nulls" or areas where there is virtually no signal. This month saw some drastic reversals: from 2003 to 2012, Barcelona needed 80 cm dishes, now BBC & ITV is virtually impossible with any dish of any size. The null line runs right through the city.
See the map
20SKY VIEWING CARD SWAP OUT
All of Sky’s 10 million viewing cards are likely to be replaced this year.
The last time this happened was in 2009, when six-year-old "yellow house" cards were replaced. Some who had bought Sky cards through grey market suppliers in mainland Europe didn’t receive their new cards, and were cut off.
White Sky Viewing cardThis time, Sky will introduce new security measures to counter growing piracy. BBC London recently exposed a network of retailers and installers selling hacked receivers, which enable thousands in the UK to view Sky illegally.
Sky have steadily increased security over the past few years. HD channels are now locked to the receiver a viewing card is paired to and the activation process has moved online for new installs.
20TIME'S UP FOR THOMSON SKY+HD BOXES
Related to the above, older Thomson Sky+ HD boxes with active subscriptions are being replaced by Sky free of charge.
These first-generation HD receivers were larger than the current models, extremely noisy, and prone to failure. So prone, in fact, that it was almost as though they were programmed to self-destruct. Their cheaply-built internal power supplies were made with defective capacitors, which overheated and failed after a couple of years' use.
You can tell if you have a first-gen box if it has red, green and blue RCA-type connectors on the back.
It's thought the boxes will be unable to decode subscription HD channels after the viewing card swaps, and future software updates. Current receivers are made in-house by Sky's wholly-owned subsidiary Amstrad.
18INTELSAT 907 SCAMS MULTIPLY
Yet more Algarve residents have told us of installers' claims that the BBC can be restored from an alternative satellite. (See our 13 Feb story, below).
Many have concerns that the elderly and vulnerable will lose money they can ill afford, yet still end up with no British TV.
If you can't install a larger dish, there is no way to receive lost BBC & ITV satellite channels legally. The services from Intelsat 907 are private satellite feeds, not intended for public use.
Once Arqiva, which manages the transponders, realises the scale of piracy, it's only a matter of time before stronger encryption methods are applied, causing screens to go permanently blank.
18WHY DOES THE BBC DISAPPEAR AT SOME TIMES OF THE DAY?
Partial loss of signal is one of the main frustrations of receiving BBC & ITV abroad, but why does this happen?
2E daily cycleFrom its geostationary position 22,000 above the earth, a TV satellite may appear stationary , but there is a slight movement as it orbits the earth. The main reason is that the earth is not perfectly round, causing tiny shifts in the beam. This, and variations in the angle and output power of the transmit antenna, creates a daily cycle.
You may only receive the BBC in the mornings and late evenings, briefly mid-day, and not at all if it rains, if your dish is just at the borderline of good and bad reception.
Partial reception is actually good news, as it means an upgrade to the next biggest size should lift your signal above the threshold for 24/7 reception.
17RTE ON UK BEAM, C4 ON EUROPE BEAM
A number of people have written saying they can't receive Channel Four Ireland by manual tuning (see item below from yesterday)
The channels are on the Astra 2A north beam, which is weaker in Spain than the south beam. Most people should be able to receive it, but can be prevented by a poorly tuned dish. A dish may be out of alignment, too small, or have an LNB which is rotated to the wrong angle. ("LNB" stands for Low Noise Block, the device which receives the signals at the focus of the dish)
LNB rotation is a vital adjustment, and has to be exactly right within a very small tolerance. This affects north beam signals particularly. An LNB should be rotated by exactly -24.2° from vertical in south-east Spain, facing the dish.
Other areas can use this calculator
A failing LNB can also be the cause, as they don't survive well in hot countries. After five years, most LNBs are thoroughly "cooked" and should be replaced.
Irish channels RTÉ One, RTÉ TWO, TG4 TV3 RTÉ Jr and RTÉ Two HD are on the UK spot beam alongside the BBC and ITV. They can't be tuned manually in areas where the BBC has been lost.
16ASTRA 2E POWER INCREASED ON 12 FEB
Many correspondents have reported BBC & ITV returning over the past few days. There was a marked improvement towards the end of last week. One expert suggested it may have been because the satellite's travelling wave amplifiers need time to "burn in". Another possibility is that 2E developed a problem during tests, that it has never been able to develop full power, and that this is the best we can expect. This may have been the reason it spent two months longer than expected parked at its test position. It should not be discounted that power has been deliberately reduced.
If the BBC has returned with slight breakup in the past few days, you are only likely to lose it completely in rain from now on. An upgrade to the next dish size up should cure this problem, but to be sure, move up two sizes.
If you can only receive BBC & ITV in the mornings and late evenings, the same applies.
If BBC & ITV have not returned by now they may never come back.
There are further channel changes coming over the next few months, with the likely closure of Astra 2A, the addition of Astra 2G, and new HD services for ITV One.
16CHANNEL FOUR VIEWABLE ACROSS EUROPE
Channel Four, E4, More4 and 4Music are available in most of mainland Europe to viewers with Sky subscriptions. The encrypted channels are the Irish versions of the channels. The Channel Four group produces a separate version with ROI advertising.
To tune, go to "Services" then "System Setup" or the "Tools" icon. Choose "Add channels". In the next box enter "12480", then "V", then "27500", then "2/3" in "FEC". Press "Find Channels". In the list that appears, select the channels you want, then press "Save"
You can view them in "Services" then "Other Channels".
Only Sky boxes with active subscriptions can view, with Freesat viewers excluded. No BBC or ITV channels are available with this method.
15NO BBC LOSS IN CENTRAL PORTUGAL
"Just wanted to report that contrary to popular rumours we have not lost all our channels of BBC and ITV in this part of Portugal although many are suffering from investing in only a 1.2m antenna. I have a 1.8m dish and use a Humax freesat decoder.Tomar, Portugal Initially we suffered signal losses across the board but as of three days ago ALL channels are now working including BBC and ITV HD although BBC is not so good during the day. There is no doubt signals are weaker but unless the rain is extremely heavy it does not impact on picture quality. Reports therefore of the demise of English TV here are exaggerated"
Ken Smith, Tomar, Portugal
15BBC: ZERO IN CYPRUS
Expats in Cyprus will soon be fondly recalling the days when they could receive BBC & ITV, even if huge 4.4 metre dishes were needed. There have been no reports of anyone on the island receiving any Astra 2E signal.
For the moment, it's possible to get Astra 2A, but when all remaining channels are moved to the new Astra 2G, as expected, no Sky channels will be receivable in Cyprus either, even on the Europe beam.
14ASTRA 2E NUDGED WEST
Astra 2E is been moved slightly further west. A few days ago, it was at 28.44º east, a small distance (seen from earth) from the other satellites broadcasting to the UK, which are at 28.2º east. According to positioning data published by SES it will be slightly further west by tomorrow, at 28.34º, closer to the main group.
The small movement may account for an improvement in signals in mainland Europe. Wait a day or two before attempting to adjust your dish. Smaller dishes can't see the difference in position, but larger ones can.
13THE 907 SCAM
The loss of BBC services in Spain and Portugal has provoked a flurry of interest in finding alternatives. Intelsat 907, a satellite at 27.5º west, carries BBC, ITV and C4. It can be received on relatively modest-sized dishes in Europe. Receivers to pick up the broadcasts have been seen on sale in Southern Portugal and Spain. Installers are even offering to "re-tune" dishes to 27.5º W (which renders them useless for Sky). Protected by BISS encryption, the codes are regularly broken by hackers. When codes change, new hacks are posted on the internet within days. There is anecdotal evidence of engineers feeding Intelsat's signals into communal systems in Gibraltar, following the loss of the BBC.
This private system for Freeview transmitters in Britain is run by Arqiva.
Making use of it may sound like harmless fun, but here's a message we received a few days ago:
Intelsat 907 Spotbeam Europe 1"I was approached by a Sky supplier in Spain last year with a product that would get you back BBC/ITV etc. It was for dishes and STB for Eutelsat 907. Being naive I invested in a stock of this system as they seemed an ideal solution. That was of course until the BISS code was changed and my Opticum boxes became useless. I soon realised that I entered into an investment without knowing the potential hazards..."
In Britain, under section 126, "Unauthorised decoders for encrypted services", the 2003 Communications Act states that it's a criminal offence to manufacture, import or distribute unauthorized decoders of encrypted transmissions.
13MORE REPORTS OF BETTER SIGNALS
It's too early to say whether signal strength on the new satellite has increased, it may just be drier weather.
More reports of improved 2E reception have arrived today. In Fredrikstad, Norway, a 1m Nokia dish has the BBC again, as does a 120cm in Mazarrón, Spain, a 125cm in Modena, Northern Italy, and 1 metre dishes in Horadada, South Costa Blanca and Lake Garda in northern Italy.
Signals are better in the mornings and late evenings after 11pm, followng a daily pattern
12Comparison of Astra 2E and Astra 2F Freesat signalsASTRA 2E TRANSMITTING AT REDUCED POWER TO EXCLUDE EXPATS?
Browsing through nearly 1,000 of your reception reports, it's clear that the new satellite Astra 2E is transmitting at lower power than its twin, Astra 2F.
Both Eurostar E3000 satellites have identical specifications: launch mass 6 tonnes, wingspan 40m, output power of 13kW. For some reason, the received signals are up to 2.5 dB lower across most of Europe, including SE England (right).
We were led to believe that the new satellites would have a stronger signal in the centre of footprint, but this only happened with Astra 2F, which went into service a year ago.
2.5dB doesn't sound like much, but the dB scale is logarithmic. A drop of 3dB is a reduction of 50%.
On both satellites, HD channels are transmitted at slightly higher power, as the DVB-S2 8PSK HD format is much harder to receive. This is reason why many people can receive SD but not HD.
The suspicion has to be that 2E's power has been reduced to make it harder to receive BBC, ITV and Channel Four in mainland Europe.
12RECEPTION IMPROVES IN SW FRANCE, ITALY
A large number of correspondents have said that their BBC services have returned in southern France and Italy. Dish sizes vary from 60 cm to 120 cm. The weather is probably responsible. In wet weather, satellite reception deteriorates, in proportion to the size and quantity of the raindrops. Conversely, signals are best on dry, clear days with little moisture in the atmosphere. If a dish is only just big enough, a very small drop of signal can cause blocking or complete loss of picture. An upgrade to one dish size larger, for example 90cm to 100 cm, will return reception to normal in most cases.
A number of people have taken DIY measures, either by adjusting their dishes or the LNBs.
11CHANNEL FOUR, E4, MORE 4, 4 MUSIC STILL AVAILABLE IN SOUTHERN EUROPE
...If you are Irish. Irish Sky cards receive a different version of these channels, which are encrypted on Astra 2A South beam (12480, V, 27500, ⅔, DVB-S/MPEG-2)
11ITV AND CHANNEL FOUR DISAPPEAR IN MOST OF MAINLAND EUROPE
All remaining ITV One channels and Channel 4 were moved to Astra 2E at around 2am GMT. ITV ONE (all regions not already on Astra 2F), CITV, ITV 2, ITV2+1, ITV 3, ITV3+1, ITV 4, Channel Four (all regions), Film Four, Film Four+1, E4, More 4 are now on the UK spot beam. They had been easy to receive over most of the continent for the past two years.
Two glimmers of hope: we have had an unconfirmed report from Gibraltar of very weak BBC reception on a 3 metre dish.
10ITV SWITCH LIKELY TONIGHT
All remaining ITV One channels are expected to move from Astra 1N to Astra 2E's UK spot beam in the early hours of Tuesday morning, 11th. February.
SES Astra, normally one of the most secretive of companies, publishes weekly emphemeris data predicting the exact orbital position of all its satellites. Position data for Astra 1N is only given till Wednesday, 12th. February, indicating that it will be emptied of channels and will start to move to its new home at 19º east. At the latest, it looks as though all free public service channels will be moved within the next 72 hours. The switch, likely to include all of Channel 4, will add to the misery of thousands of UK expatriates in Spain, Portugal, France, Italy and Germany, soon after losing all BBC services last Thursday.
7WILL SKY BE LOST TO MAINLAND EUROPE IN THE FUTURE?
There is no guarantee that Sky's pay channels, such as Sports and Movies, will continue on wide beam. Sky may come under political, OFCOM or Hollywood pressure to send everything on narrow beam. BSkyB will be very reluctant to give up a huge source of revenue from mainland Europe. It is estimated that in excess of 5% of Sky's £3,751 million revenue, from its total of 10,536,000 customers, comes from expats living out of the UK. Expect more of the same easy reception for the time being.
7NO MOVE FOR ITV AND CHANNEL FOUR
The expected ITV and Channel Four move to Astra 2E didn't happen last night. It's likely to take place early next week. SES Astra don't normally make changes at weekends.
Positioning data for the current satellite, Astra 1N, indicates it will close and start moving by Wednesday.
Thank you for the literally hundreds of reception reports. It will take some time to digest the information and reply to all. The biggest surprise is the number of people in southern France who have lost BBC services. For more than 15 years, dishes of around 80-90cm have easily received BBC signals. The change came as a shock to many.
Reports from the Algarve region, near Faro, indicate that a dish of 3 metres in size will receive no BBC. There is no hope at all for the majority of expats there with 1.2 and 1.5 metre dishes. About 100km north of Lisbon, a 2.3 metre dish is just about receiving the new 2E broadcasts.
In Spain, the previous hotspot/coldspot areas have been inverted. The Costa Blanca region between Alicante and Valencia is especially favoured: the BBC is received on 1.0 and 1.2 metre dishes. Conversely, Catalunya, The Costa Del Sol and all of Andalucia have seen their BBC signal dramtically weakened, to the point where no signal is received at all, even on huge dishes.
More to follow.
6PLEASE SEND US YOUR BBC RECEPTION REPORTS
Positive reports are extremely useful, and will help others in the same position determine the dize size now needed. You can send an e-mail here. In a day or two, we'll be able to bring you a much fuller picture of new minimum dish sizes for each country. It will take a week or two to reply to everyone.
What has emerged in some cases that a repair or adjustment to a dish may restore lost channels. One example is in Madrid. Someone has lost the BBC on a 1.8 metre dish, when on this size, reception should be 24/7 perfect. There are some DIY steps you can try.
6BBC GONE, ITV AND C4 NEXT
Some ITV regions and Channel Four are still broadcasting from the old satellite Astra 1N. These remaining services are likely to be migrated to the UK spot beam tonight. If you have already lost the BBC, you will also lose all ITV variants and regions, and the Channel Four group.
The channels which are likely to be switched tonight include: ITV ONE (all regions not already on Astra 2F), CITV, ITV 2, ITV2+1, ITV 3, ITV3+1, ITV 4, Channel Four (all regions), Film Four, Film Four+1, E4, More 4.
The loss of BBC, ITV and C4 will affect Freesat and Sky boxes equally. People often ask if subscribing to Sky will bring them back. Sadly, it won't.
6BBC CHANNELS LOST IN MANY PARTS OF EUROPE
10.30AM GMT: Astra 2E Reception Reports
Very many thanks to all of you who have sent in reception reports. We hope to respond to each one individually.
Areas which have seen complete loss of BBC channels are: Costa Del Sol, Andalucia, Southern Portugal, much of Catalunya and the Canaries. Italy is badly affected as well. Many areas have seen reduced signals.
The UK spot beam pattern on Astra 2F has been almost exactly replicated on Astra 2E.
Many viewers with 3 metre dishes in the Canaries have severe BBC problems, though reports indicate that a well-tuned ChannelMaster 2.4 dish can receive the signals.
It seems that Astra 2E's UK beam has been made deliberately weaker than Astra 2F's. Here in the south-east of the UK, signal strength is lower than we expected.
Winners include Madrid (no change) Benidorm, Valencia, Javea, Gandia. No apparent change in Pontevedra, southern Galicia.
Avignon in France can receive BBC on a 78cm dish.
Signal in Sweden is weaker north of Stockholm. Southern Norway has seen no change.
Slovenia, Poland, Czech Republic appear to be receiving no or little BBC. A 2.5m prime focus is reportedly pulling in BBC in Slovakia.
6BBC & ITV CHANNEL LOSSES BEGIN
Early reports from night owls and insomniacs across Europe indicate big losses of signal in the BBC and ITV Astra 2E narrow beam migration, which appears to have started at 1.30am GMT. One report from just west of Lisbon tells of a number of BBC & ITV channels disappearing. In Madrid and Southern Germany, signals are a fraction of what they were, probably not watchable on their owners' current dishes.
Channel Five+24 was added to Freesat's EPG at 3.00am GMT. Boxes should have automatically re-tuned to receive the new channel.
5BBC MOVE IS TONIGHT
The planned BBC channel migration will be around 2am. (The so-called "BBC Switch-Off")
It will, most likely, be as big an event for British expats since the move to Astra 2D.
In 2003, the BBC freed itself from Sky's encryption contract. It began to broadcast free to air, with a much tighter Astra 2D footprint, badly affecting viewers in Spain. The removal of Sky's encryption reportedly saved the BBC £85 million. The BBC, along with other UK broadcasters, has repeatedly stated its intention to retrict the overspill of satellite signals into mainland Europe.
5SES Astra fleet map, predicted for 2015 ASTRA 1N BEING CLEARED, CHANNELS MOVE TO ASTRA 2A
Further changes in satellite transmissions to the UK were made last night. In preparation for the move of Astra 1N to its permanent home, serving mainland Europe's TV networks at 19.2º east. Some channels were moved to the ageing Astra 2A in the small hours of the morning. Beneficiaries are areas such as The Canaries and north Africa, which could not receive the 1N Pan-european beam. Channels which can now be received in these areas include: Sky Sports 1 and 3, Sky Sports 3 HD, Sky Arts 2 HD, Sky Sports 2 Ireland, History Channel, At The Races, Sky News, Cartoon Network HD, Disney Channel HD, TCM HD, Film Four HD
More reception reports: Astra 2E's Pan european beam cannot be received in Ukraine and is very weak in southern Finland. Hungary has seen a huge drop. In southern Sweden signal levels are more or less the same.
Astra 2A is likely to stay in place until Astra 2G goes into service mid-year. Astra 1N will close at 28.2 east. Astra 2A will remain in position. By 2015, it will be joined by Astra 2C.
Astra 2D, which is dark and mothballed, is still nearby at 27.9º east, possibly in reserve as a backup should disaster stike. SES Astra will have five satellites in place at 28.2º by 2015.(see right, above)
BBC Announcement on Astra 2EFEB
4BBC CHANNEL SWITCH OVERNIGHT WEDNESDAY/THURSDAY
In an official announcement, the BBC confirmed tonight that the migration of channels to the new Astra 2E satellite will be carried out around 2am on Thursday, 6th. February 2014. Bringing an end to much uncertainty, the move will see improved signal for the British Isles but considererably reduced signal in mainland Europe. For the past two years, BBC services have been broadcast from Astra 1N's "narrow" UK beam, which turned out to be much wider than admitted. The BBC has been easily receiveable on dishes as small as 60 cm over most of Europe. A wildly inaccurate 1N footprint map was tonight re-published on the BBC page. There is as yet no information on when ITV and C4 will migrate to 2E, though this is also clearly imminent.
4MORE RECEPTION REPORTS
Astra 2E's Europe beam has confounded those who predicted it would be identical to Astra 2F's. In Portugal, Spain, Crete, Western Greece, Malta, Italy, Slovakia, The Canaries and Tunisia, signals are stronger than when Astra 2A was broadcasting the same group of channels. This may mean that 2E's UK spot may be quite different to Astra 2F's. Celebrations in the areas to gain from the Europe beam ought to be muted, though. SES Astra have the capacity to carry out tweaks and adjustments to the new satellite's beams in the light of reception reports.
4ASTRA 2A CHANNELS MOVED TO ASTRA 2E
The migration of channels to the new Astra 2E European beam began last night at 2am. The first to be switched were those on the near-end-of-life 2A satellite. Reports across Europe indicate much improved reception in Spain, The Canaries and Italy. The losers appear to be eastern Europe, Romania, SE Germany, Cyprus, northern Finland and the eastern Mediterranean. An unexpected bonus is that the default transponder 11778, which all Sky boxes measure when a "signal test" is carried out, is much stronger in Spain. This means an end to special measures to enter an alternative transponder, and episodes of "no signal" after a power cut, common in Costa Blanca and Madrid. Expect more changes tonight and over coming nights. Sky viewers in The Canaries will soon be able to receive channels which were lost when transmissions moved to Astra 1N. Astra 2E has a special side lobe covering the islands.
Notable is the fact that Sky paid-for channels, including ITV 2 HD, ITV 3 HD and ITV 4 HD, are stronger in Spain than before, putting to an end the rumour started by IPTV sellers that "Sky will be lost in all of Spain".
You still need a subscription and a Sky box to view ITV 2,3,4 HD, as before. ITV ONE HD will be on the UK spot beam, yet to be activated, as will all other BBC & ITV services.
A provisional list of channels moved last night:
MTV Live HD, Lifetime HD, Sky Sports 2/1/3/4 in Pubs
Sky Movies Box Office, Disney XD UK HD, Animal Planet Europe HD
ITV 2/3/4 HD
Sky Movies Action & Adventure, Sky Movies Comedy, Sky Movies Sci-Fi & Horror, Sky Select UK, Sky Disney, Sky Movies Family, Sky Movies Premiere/Sky Anytime, Sky Movies Premiere
Sky Movies Crime & Thriller, Sky Movies Drama & Romance, Sky Movies 007, British Eurosport HD
Fox UK HD, Sky Arts 2 HD, British Eurosport 2 HD
Sky Atlantic HD UK +1, Sky Movies Family HD, Sky Movies Premiere HD, Sky Movies Crime & Thriller HD
Sky Movies Select HD, Universal Channel UK, Sky On Demand HD 3
Dave UK HD, Alibi HD, E! UK HD, Sky 3DTV, Sky Arts 1 HD, Sky News HD
BBC WInter Olympics ChannelFEB
3BBC & ITV MIGRATION IMMINENT, NEW BBC TEMPORARY CHANNEL
There are no reports yet of any transmissions from Astra 2E. The new satellite cannot be switched on until broadcasts from Astra 1N, on the same frequencies, have stopped.
A new BBC Winter Olympics channel has begun in standard definition on Astra 2F's Europe beam. It's probable that an HD version will be added shortly before the games begin this Friday. The lack so far of an HD Winter Olympics channel, and the 4th. February addition of Channel Five +24, tends to indicate some additions and switch of channels to Astra 2E starting in the early hours of 4th. February. The switch is likely to take a few days, and will be carrried out in the middle of the night.
31SES Astra LogoASTRA 2E ARRIVES ON STATION, INTO SERVICE TOMORROW
In a press release, SES Astra announced that Astra 2E has arrived at 28.2º east, the position in space used for UK satellite broadcasts.
All dishes receiving UK satellite TV point to 28.2º.
The transfer of BBC, ITV, C4 and Sky channels is likely to begin in the next week. No tests have been received yet.
The move will bring to an end to the long period of easy reception of BBC and ITV over a wide area of Europe. The change to much weaker UK spot beam signals in outlying areas of the continent will expose any weakness in an existing satellite dish installation. Dishes in the Costa Del Sol were typically installed in the days of the retired Astra 2D satellite, usually 120 cm in width. The current BBC & ITV satellite, to be turned off soon, needs only 60 cm dishes.
30CHANNEL FIVE PLUS ONE DAY OPENS 4TH FEB
Channel 5+24, Channel 5's new +24 hour catch-up channel, will launch on 4th February 2014. Between 7pm and midnight, the channel will broadcast whatever Channel 5 was showing the previous day. The concept is new on British TV. Until now, broadcasters have offered one hour timeshift channels. The BBC is the only major broadcaster yet to have +1. Channel 5+24 will be available on: Freesat 132 and Sky 175
30EUROBIRD TO CLOSE
SES has revealed in a press release today that all Eutelsat's Eurobird satellite channels will be transferred to SES Astra's fleet. This follows a long-running dispute between the two rivals over who had the right to operate a section of the satellite spectrum at 28.2 east. Eutelsat will still carry the current package of channels, except they will be broadcast from Astra 2E, 2F and 2G.
What does this mean for viewers? In the British Isles, Eurobird is weaker than in mainland Europe. Its frequencies are often affected by rain and interference. Transmissions from the new generation of Astra satellites will be more powerful within the UK than at present.
In the east of Europe, Scandinavia and eastern Mediterranean, expats may well lose Sky completely. (see beam maps below) Astra 2A will close. Its south and north beam channels will be moved to the new satellites. This may mean weaker signals for most paid-for Sky channels in Southern Spain, such as Sky Movies and Sports. However, it's highly unlikely Sky will want to cut off the many thousands of subscribers who break Sky's T&Cs by using boxes out of the UK.
Astra 2F European beam, Astra 2A South, Eutelsat Superbeam
21 ITV Logo SIX MORE ITV ONE HD CHANNELS TESTING
On the UK narrow beam of Astra 2F, six new HD channels are in tests, showing picture with out-of-sync sound. It looks probable that all twelve ITV One regions will have simulcast HD channels very soon. Currently, only ITV One London, Meridian SE, West Country, Granda, STV West and Central West have HD. It remains to be seen how soon the BBC will catch up with ITV by bringing HD to all of BBC One. Until then, viewers will have to endure the pointless red looped animation with sound effects when regional news is being broadcast.
20 data from
http://www.satellite-calculations.com/Satellite/Catalog/catalogID.php?39285 2E ON STATION AROUND 30TH. JANUARY
Astra 2E is moving westwards at 0.86º per day, according to satellite-calculations.com . It will be at 28.2º east in ten to eleven days. We hope to bring you the first test results as soon as possible. It's probable the switch of BBC & ITV channels will be carried out by the middle of February.
14 ASTRA 2E FINALLY ON THE MOVE
The new satellite for UK TV services, Astra 2E, has finally begun its move westwards to its final broadcasting position. When it goes into service next month there is likely to be partial or total loss of BBC, ITV and other public service channels to large parts of southern Europe. At its current rate of movement, just under one degree a day, it will take around two weeks to reach 28 degrees east. There will be a few days of final testing, at which point channels will be switched to Astra 2E from Astra 1N. Astra 1N has a very strong signal over most of Europe, but 2E's is much more concentrated on the British Isles. In February, expats will find out whether they have to upgrade their dishes, or abandon satellite altogether for BBC & ITV.
11 NEW ITV HD ONE SERVICES
Some additional HD services for ITV One are currently testing on Astra 2F, showing ITV London HD and Granada HD. London and Granada already have HD services, so it's likely these new channels will be allocated to an ITV One region not currently being served.
HD adds better colour, sound and up to five times the detail, compared to standard definition. You need an HD Satellite receiver and an HD-ready TV, connected via HDMI cable. Many people still have their Sky HD boxes connected via an old fashioned Scart cable, which won't show pictures in HD. If you are using a Scart with an HD box, it is time to upgrade your cables.
11 TRANSITION TO ASTRA 2E TO BEGIN IN FEBRUARY 2014
SES Astra Logo Following extensive speculation, SES Astra finally took to Facebook today to quash the rumour that their new satellite, Astra 2E, had suffered some kind of failure. The switch of channels to Astra 2E's UK-only narrow beam (and the loss of signals in southern Spain) will begin in February. The switchover will take a number of weeks.
See SES statement
10 NEW BBC HD CHANNELS LAUNCHED
BBC News HD, CBBC HD and CBBC HD started broadcasting this morning. CBBC HD is on Astra 1N, not Astra 2F as stated below. Similarly, BBC Three HD will be on Asta 1N when it opens at 7pm. Astra 1N is easily receiveable in most of western Europe on small to medium dishes. In the new year, all BBC services are likely to move to a UK-only beam similar to Astra 2F's UK spot beam. If you can't receive BBC Four HD and CBeebies HD, and have a Sky or Freesat HD satellite receiver, you are likely to lose all BBC services in 2014.
9 FIVE NEW BBC HD CHANNELS LAUNCHING TUESDAY 10TH. DECEMBER
BBC announces five new HD channelsRead the BBC announcement
In an unexpected Christmas gesture, the BBC is launching its five new HD services tomorrow, 10th. December. Up to now, the start date had officially been "early 2014"
BBC News HD, BBC Four HD, BBC Three HD, CBBC HD and CBeebies HD will be delivered on satellite from Astra 2F, and will be available on both Sky and Freesat. 2F's signal is weak in parts of Spain and Portugal, and potentially unreceivable in the far south of both countires.
5 FEW CHANGES TO SATELLITE SERVICES EXPECTED BEFORE CHRISTMAS
For reasons unknown (and SES Astra aren't telling) the new satellite Astra 2E, which has been predicted to cause viewing disaster in the far south of Spain and Portugal, has still not gone into service. There is no sign of movement from its current position of 43º east.
Luxembourg - based SES are operators of most of the satellites serving the UK, contracted to deliver Sky, the BBC and ITV. They rarely make public announcements..
It now appears that expats in Spain can at least enjoy BBC & ITV over the holiday period. January 2014 looks a more likely month for the big switch of channels.
The only major change soon is the launch of five new HD services from the BBC, which are in advanced stages of testing. BBC News HD, BBC Four HD and CBeebies HD are currently in tests on Astra 2F, and can be tuned manually on a Freesat box (but not a Sky receiver).
1 SKY ADMITS SOFTWARE PROBLEMS, FORCED ROLLBACK TO PREVIOUS VERSION.
Sky logo. Sky have announced that stability problems in their last release of Sky+HD software have meant that affected boxes will have their systems rolled back to the previous version, beginning this Tuesday, 3rd. December. Issues have apparently included very slow responses to remote control commands, Sky On-Demand sections missing, erroneous recording clash messages, freezing, and loss of channels, which can be temporarily cured by rebooting the box. (Turn off the power at the socket, but beware, recordings and default transponder settings may be lost)
Software version R008.063.49.09P will revert to R008.063.49.08P on Sky/Amstrad HD boxes DRX-9890, DRX-890-W, DRX895 and DRX895-W. Samsung and Pace HD boxes will go to version R008.063.71.00P. Sky/Amstad DRX 780 will have R008.063.68.00P.
Read Sky's announcement
This is nothing new: there have been numerous bugs, at times serious, with Sky software for most of the past decade, affecting all of Sky's boxes. A rollback like this is rare.
We have received many emails with questions about Sky & BBC in southern Spain and Portugal. Many ask whether they will lose Sky TV when the new satellite goes into service. The short answer is no. Sky's pay TV services will continue to be received much as before, for some time to come. There is a question mark though, as in the long term another new satellite, Astra 2G, is due in 2014.
Not so happy will be the many hundreds of thousands of people currently receiving BBC & ITV in the far south of Spain & Portugal, who will most likely lose these services soon.
One frequent question is whether subscribing to Sky will prevent loss of the BBC. The answer to this is also no. Sky carries the same signal from the BBC as other satellite services such as Freesat.
A correspondent pointed out that Channel Five can be received in northen Almeria, an indicator that this region will be OK after the BBC & ITV channel switch. The signals drop off very markedly in the south of the province, however. There is currently a hot spot of good reception to the north, in Murcia.
15 NEW BBC HD CHANNELS
impression of the future BBC Four HD logo.
Three HD satellite test services have appeared today, on the same frequency as BBC One HD Wales and BBC One HD Scotland. At the time of writing, BBC Four is being broadcast, scaled up to HD. Picture and sound quality are notably better than the standard definition version. There are a number of unverified reports that HD versions of BBC Three, BBC Four, CBeebies and CBBC will open around the 10th. of December on satellite, and in addition, in the UK only, on Freeview and YouView. The channels can be tuned on a Freesat or Free to Air box, but not a Sky receiver, on 11023 H, 23000, ⅔, DVB-S2/8PSK, MPEG-4, Astra 2F, labelled 8931 and 8932. Reception of Astra 2F isn't possible in Southern Spain, Astra 2E is likely to be similar.
12 ASTRA 2E STILL TESTING
After more than a month , the new satellite Astra 2E is still in its testing position, confounding many (including us) who speculated that SES Astra was in a real hurry to get it into service before Christmas. The move could still happen, depending on how fast SES Astra are prepared to move the spacecraft.
Meanwhile, the campaign of misinformation continues from those selling illegal IPTV boxes:
"All BBC ITV Ch4 Ch5 TV channels etc will disappear from the SKY platform at end of October beginning November. None of these channels will physically reach Europe mainland via Satellite."
False. These services will not disappear from the Sky platform, and signals will continue to reach mainland Europe via satellite after Astra 2E goes into service. The signals will, however, be very weak in southern Spain.
"Sky Channels (Pay TV) will only be available on SKY Digi set-top boxes with fixed card, however after end of October no BBC or ITV channels etc will be viewable on your SKY Box, or Free to Air box."
Almost wholly false, designed to cause panic amongst UK expats living in all parts of Spain. Only areas in the far south are likely to be affected, such as the Costa Del Sol, Gibraltar and the Algarve.
We are receiving e-mails every single day from British people in Spain, many worrying unnecessarily.
No more free C5HD
CHANNEL FIVE HD MOVED BEHIND EE+ PAYWALL
Channel Five HD, available free to view until this week (with a Sky viewing card), is now part of the Entertainment Extra+ Pack, costing £32.00 per month. This pack also includes HD versions of channels available free in standard definition. These are: ITV 2HD, ITV 3HD, ITV 4HD, More 4HD, Film FourHD and E4HD. EE+ doesn't include any BBC HD channels, or ITV One HD, which will be lost to viewers in Southern Spain soon. The channels in the EE+ pack are likely to be unaffected by the switch of satellites this autumn. Sky boxes will show an 'upgrade' message if the Sky subscription doesn't cover Entertainment Extra+. No explanation has been given by Sky or Five for the move.
New HD channels will be launching soon.
ASTRA 2E TESTING CONTINUES
Testing continues unabated at 43º east. Almost all frequencies have been lit up briefly. It appears the satellite is working as expected. The probable service date is still looking like late November or early December. Speculation that reception will be the same as Astra 2F, is just that, speculation. It is hard to believe that Astrium and SES Astra won't have made small adjustments to Astra 2E's antennas since Astra 2F went into service, with the aim of reducing spillover of the UK beam into mainland Europe.
In a separate but related development, the BBC has added placeholders for CBBC HD and BBC Three HD on the Freeview platform. The probability is that these HD channels will launch on satellite at the same time as terrestrial Freeview. Astra 2E will bring badly needed extra capacity.
See the BBC press release
11 ASTRA 2E TECHNICIANS WORKING OVERTIME
Artist's impression of Astra 2E in earth orbit
Test transmissions of Astra 2E have unusually continued over the weekend. Its operators Astrium and SES Astra are clearly in a hurry to deploy the satellite by mid-December at the latest. After this time, no changes to the programme guide are permitted by Sky. This is to minimise any technical problems over the Christmas period, when fewer support staff are on duty. The BBC plans to launch five new HD channels when Astra 2E is available: BBC News HD, BBC Three HD, BBC Four HD, CBeebies HD and CBBC HD. It's probable these will be launched before the holiday season. All BBC channels, including new services, will be on the UK-only beam.
11 ASTRA 2E IN TESTING POSITION, FIRST TRANSMISSIONS DETECTED
The new Astra 2E satellite arrived at its testing position of 43.5º east yesterday. Test broadcasts have begun on the frequency of 10.806 MHz, which have been picked up in various parts of Europe. This frequency is in the part of the band usually occupied by Freesat channels such as the BBC and ITV. However, not too much should be read into these reports, as the satellite is broadcasting from much further east than its final position, meaning the eastern side of Europe is favoured. Currently only satellite enthusiasts with steerable dishes are able to get the tests, which consist only of empty channels with no pictures. The speed with which these have commenced indicates that the satellite is likely to go into full service before Christmas. The most likely time is the last week of November. It won't be long before we know if southern Spain will lose all BBC broadcasts. At present, Astra 2E is 22,000 miles above Somalia, in a geostationary orbit.
08 BT SPORT MOVES BACK TO PAN EUROPE BEAM
There is an unconfirmed report tonight that BT Sport channels have returned to southern Spain. They were previously carried on Eutelsat's pan-European beam, which was switched off on Thursday night into Friday morning, 3rd/4th. October. Tonight is the deadline for satellite switches for the former Eutelsat channels. Many channels were temporarily moved a week ago.
Update: 11.10.13. It appears BT Sport has indeed moved to the Pan European beam. This beam is stronger in the Canary Islands than the previous Eutelsat transmissions. There is a report of BT Sport being received on a 100cm dish in Tenerife.
01 CHANNEL SWITCH IMMINENT: SOME LOSE, SOME GAIN
One of the biggest changes in satellite TV delivery to the UK and Ireland for many years is under way.
Dishes pointing towards 28.2º east receive UK satellite channels from two operators: SES Astra and Eutelsat.
Up to now, bands of frequencies have been distributed between the two rivals.
SES claimed that Eutelsat's licence to use some of the these expires on 4th. October 2013.
SES went to the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris to try to prove it had a right to use the bands in place of Eutelsat. After a year's legal battle, and following a court ruling in Germany, SES announced it would take over the disputed frequencies of 11459 - 11700 Mhz and 12500 - 12750 Mhz after 4th. October. This claim has been hotly disputed by Eutelsat, which has operated the bands since 1999, though it appears to have now conceded defeat.
Channels broadcast in the contested 500Mhz of spectrum will change frequency over the next ten days, with some 300 channels moving to Astra's satellites.
The switch will be in two phases. Some channels are moving temporarily to Astra 1N's Europe beam by 3rd. October, then moved in phases to Astra 2F's European beam (footprint map right, with dish sizes in cm) over the following seven days.
Principal channels affected by the change include:
BT Sport 1 & 2, BT Sport 1HD & 2HD, TCM, The History Channel, National Geographic, Fox News, Sky Living It, Comedy Central, Nick Jr, Al Jazeera English, Kiss 100 Radio, Magic 105.4FM Radio, Jazz FM, Absolute Radio, XFM, Capital FM.
Viewers with Sky and Freesat receivers need take no action, these boxes will update automatically.
Free to air receivers have no way to auto update and will need retuning.
Some in fringe areas will see better reception, some in eastern Europe will lose channels completely.
It's probable SES Astra anticipated that they would win the battle some time ago: this may be the reason Astra 2F has been kept largely empty of channels until now.
30 ASTRA 2E LAUNCH SUCCESSFUL
Astra 2E's launch last night went exactly to plan. The satellite is now in orbit, having separated from its launch vehicle nine hours after liftoff. Over the next two months, it will be tested, then moved to its final destination of 28.2º east, where it will broadcast to the UK. It's highly likely that the switch of channels from Astra 1N will be carried out before the end of the year. It's this move that will result in the loss of BBC, ITV and Channel Four broadcasts in southern Spain.
29 ASTRA 2E LAUNCHEDAstra 2E lifts off at Baikonur Astra 2E has been launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The first three stages have been successful, and the satellite is well on its way into orbit. The five secondary stages of the Proton Breeze-M will be fired over the next nine hours. In a broadcast from the ILS headquarters in Washington, members of the launch team commented on the preparations. Notably, no direct mention was made of the July Proton crash which caused such long delay in Astra 2E's mission. During the live programme, SES mentioned their next satellite for 28.2º, Astra 2G, the launch of which was anticipated for "early 2014", earlier than many people expected.
28 ASTRA 2E: ROLLED OUT: LAUNCH TONIGHT, SUNDAY 29TH. SEPT: 23.38 CET.
The Astra 2E satellite has been made ready on the pad at Baikonur, on top of a Proton rocket, ready for its launch on Sunday evening at 23:38 CET, 22:38 British Summer Time. (Not Monday as stated earlier, but it will be Monday in Kazakhstan) The launch was postponed from its earlier date of 17th. September at the insistence of the Kazakhstan authorities. The government demanded that the area around the Baikonur site be cleaned up, as a large amount of contamination was released in the Proton crash last July.
09 NEW LAUNCH DATE FOR ASTRA 2E: 17TH. SEPTEMBER 2013
The amended date for the Proton M/ Breeze M launch at the Baikonur cosmodrome, Kazakhstan is next week, the 17th. of September. The rocket will propel the much-awaited Astra 2E satellite into orbit. If successful, the satellite is likely to go into service about 2 months later.
BBC & ITV services will then be switched over to the new narrow beam.
The launch services website is http://www.ilslaunch.com/mission-control/mission-astra-2e.
The Twitter tag is #ASTRA2E.
23 WIDESPREAD MISINFORMATION ON THE ASTRA 2E BBC "SWITCH OFF"BBC Logo
A national newspaper and a large number of worried people have contacted this site after reading that Sky will be cut off in Spain this summer, or that soon no British Televison will be available anywhere in the country. Many of these rumours seem to have been started by companies selling illegal IPTV re-streaming boxes (see below). Articles have appeared on news websites, comments have been planted on forums. The intention seems to be to frighten British residents in all parts of Spain into thinking their only option is an IPTV box. For some in the far south, wanting BBC & ITV, this is a half truth at best. In communities, a very large dish could be installed which could be shared. Alternatively, viewers could choose a VPN service, which can enable BBC iPlayer and ITV Player in Spain.
The facts (and a few guesses):
Astra 2E is set for launch on September 15th, 2013
The BBC has announced that it will be moving all its channels to the Astra 2F and Astra 2E satellites.Astra 2E Footprint
Projected Astra 2E footprints show a service covering the UK only. As previously, there will be splillover into mainland Europe, but the cut off towards southern Europe will be sharper than before.
Those living roughly in the southern third of Spain and Portugal will lose all BBC services, Channel 4, most of C5, and most ITV
It's probable that More 4 HD, E4 HD, ITV2 HD, ITV3 HD and ITV4 HD, which are encrypted and part of Sky's HD package, will not move, and will continue to be received easily in southern Spain with a Sky subscription at £32/month, part of the Entertainment Extra+ pack.
All of the Channel Four Group (C4, C4HD, More 4 SD, Film Four) will be impossible to receive in southern Spain, along with the remainder of the Channel Five group. There is some doubt about C5HD, which is encrypted and only available free to view with a Sky card.
The exact area in which channels will be lost will not be known until after Astra 2E launches and commences testing. Even then, some adjustments and tweaks may be made right up to the time the satellite goes into service.
BBC & ITV reception is currently very easy in western Europe as it is broadcast from Astra 1N's pan-European beam. Over most of Spain, an 80 cm dish will suffice, much smaller than was needed when the services were broadcast from Astra 2D. This satellite was retired last year after reportedly developing a fault. Astra 1N will be most likely be moved to its original planned location at 19º east, serving mainland Europe.
Dishes in excess of 3 metres may be needed to receive the BBC on satellite in the far south of Spain and Gibraltar. Some areas may receive no signal at all. In the northern half of Spain, reception will be relatively easy with dishes of around 1.2 metres, smaller than when the services were on Astra 2D. Exceptions to this may include the Barcelona region, where 1.8 metres may be the minimum. This is speculation based on the experience of Astra 2F, which went into service in November 2012. No one knows for sure, not even the BBC and SES Astra.
There is no difference between receiving the BBC on Sky and on Freesat. The signals and broadcasts are exactly the same on both services. Paying extra for Sky will not bring back the BBC in southern Spain.
There are a number of new services offering BBC and UK free channels over the internet, usually described as IPTV. Typically the offering is a set-top box and a monthly subscription for channels normally free over satellite. The boxes are being re-sold by dozens of dealers in Spain. The origin of the streams is unknown, but they are likely to be coming from the UK.
All re-streaming services such as these are illegal and are likely to be forcibly closed down at some point. Broadcasters and Spanish authorities have taken action before on illegal re-broadcasting. A number of re-streaming services such as TV Catchup, Zattoo and FilmOn have faced legal action. Previously, illegal re-broadcasting was made by microwave from masts on Spanish mountain-tops. Now, it has moved to the internet.
The last remaining replacement satellite, Astra 2G, is due to be launched in 2014, replacing the ageing Astra 2A. Astra 2B was emptied of channels earlier this year. No-one knows if Sky's channels, such as Sky One, Sky Sports and Sky Movies will remain on pan-European beam as currently. These channels can be received all over Europe with moderate-sized dishes and a Sky receiver.
Though it is against Sky's terms and conditions, Sky is known to tolerate Sky boxes being used out of the UK. However, there are regular disconnections, particularly for commercial and pirate (card sharing) use. It has been estimated that up to a million subscribers are receiving Sky channels in mainland Europe.
Freesat logoSky logoSky and Freesat are the satellite services impacted by the Astra 2E change. Often confused with Freesat, Freeview is a UK domestic TV service, broadcasting over regular aerials, which will not be affected.
20 15 SEPTEMBER LAUNCH DATE FOR ASTRA 2: MOVE OF BBC CHANNELS LIKELY BY CHRISTMAS Following the investigation and report into the Proton-M crash on 2nd. July, it has been announced that the Astra 2E satellite for SES Astra will be included in the resumed launch programme at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. The lift-off is scheduled for September 15. This means that if deployment is successful, Astra 2E will go into service before Christmas 2013. The most likely period for this will be November. The move of BBC, ITV and C4 channels from Astra 1M to Astra 2E is likely during this month or soon afterwards.
The report confirmed earlier speculation that three angular rate sensors were improperly installed on the ill-fated 2 July Proton-M rocket, causing it to plummet to earth seconds after launch. Flights from Baikonur resumed on 28th. July with a mission to send supplies to the International Space Station, though this was a Soyuz-U space transport vehicle, not a Proton-M.
2 PROTON-M CRASHES; ASTRA 2E LAUNCH POSTPONEDProton M crash on 2 July 2013
A Proton-M Rocket carrying three Glonass-M navigation satellites crashed soon after launch at the Baikonur Space Center today. Seconds after launch, the Proton veered off course and crashed into the ground nearby. No-one was reported injured. The launch pad was evacuated shortly afterwards owing to fears of contamination from the toxic cloud which enveloped the site. The disaster threw into question the quality of the Proton launcher and its future. Later launches, including Astra 2E for SES, were postponed pending an investigation. Speculation arose that guidance sensors had been installed upside down. A design fault had allowed more than one position for installation. The Proton which crashed had been assembled more than a year previously.
12 ASTRA 2E PROVISIONAL LAUNCH DATE: JULY 19 Some sources are suggesting that the new Astra 2E satellite will be launched on July 19th. 2013. This is somewhat later than originally planned. The actual date may move forwards ( or more likely, backwards ) at short notice nearer the time. Based on previous experience with Astra 2F, Astra 2E will go into service some time in September. Only then will it become clear just how many channels will be lost by those living in southern Spain and Portugal, and parts of western europe. The received signals on the ground will be similar, but not identical to, those of Astra 2F. Though they are nominally in the same position in the sky as viewed from the ground, the two satellites will be some hundreds of kilometers apart, in geostationary earth orbit.
12 SES ASTRA 'Intend to cut out as many English speakers in Europe as possible'SES Astra Logo
A professional Italian satellite engineer has claimed that SES Astra are deliberately trying to reduce the overspill of UK channels into mainland Europe by as much as possible, for broadcasting rights issues. He also claims that the footprint of Astra 2F has been moved up and down, and from east to west, in a period of testing , which ended around a month ago. This would explain changes noticed by some satellite viewers in Denmark, Germany and Nordic countries. Some viewers reported weaker signals, others stronger.
See the original thread on the Astra 2 satellite forum: http://www.astra2forum.com/viewtopic.php?f=80&t=35&p=74#p74
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